"Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8 (HSPD-8): 'National Preparedness' issued December 17, 2003, tasked the Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with the heads of other appropriate Federal departments and agencies and in consultation with State and local governments, to strengthen the preparedness of the United States to prevent and respond to threatened or actual domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters and other emergencies. It requires: 1) a national domestic preparedness goal; 2) mechanisms for improved delivery of Federal preparedness assistance to State and local governments; and 3) actions to strengthen preparedness capabilities of Federal, State, and local entities...To support the achievement of the national preparedness goal, the Department of Homeland Security's Office of State and Local Government Coordination and Preparedness (DHS/SLGCP) has established a Universal Task List (UTL) of tasks required to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from major events. The UTL serves as the basis for defining target capabilities required by the goal. This document presents version 2.1 of the UTL. It has been developed in close consultation with Federal, State, local, and tribal entities and National associations, and is one tool developed to help the homeland security community implement the capabilities-based planning process established under HSPD-8. The UTL is a 'living' document that will continue to be refined and expanded as it is put into practice. Additional guidance on use of the UTL is provided in the Interim National Preparedness Goal and the National Preparedness Guidance."