"An annual average of 210,000 hate crime victimizations occurred from July 2000 through December 2003. During that period an average of 191,000 hate crime incidents involving one or more victims occurred annually. Victims also indicated that 92,000 of these hate crime victimizations were reported to police. These estimates were derived from victim reports to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). As defined here, an ordinary crime becomes a hate crime when offenders choose a victim because of some characteristic " for example, race, ethnicity, or religion " and provide evidence that hate prompted them to commit the crime. Bias crime is another term for hate crime. Hate crimes that respondents report in the NCVS are based on victims perceptions of why they became crime victims."
Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report (November 2005)