Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options [Updated August 22, 2005] [open pdf - 40KB]
"The Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia. Section 6 of the INA bans U.S. payments to Russia in connection with the International Space Station (ISS) unless the U.S. President determines that Russia is taking steps to prevent such proliferation. The ISS being assembled in orbit. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will become dependent on Russia for certain ISS crew-related services beginning in April 2006 for which NASA must pay, so the INA could affect U.S. utilization of ISS. Congress is considering an amendment to the INA proposed by the Bush Administration that would allow NASA to pay Russia for ISS-related services. This report will not be updated. For current information, see CRS Issue Brief IB93017."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22072
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html