"Parliamentary elections are scheduled in Zimbabwe for March 31, 2005, and they will be closely watched by supporters of human rights and democracy. The last parliamentary election, in June 2000, was marred by violence against the opposition and other irregularities. According to the Department of State, the presidential election in March 2002 was 'preceded and followed by a government-sanctioned campaign of violence directed towards supporters and potential supporters of the opposition.' Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has labeled Zimbabwe an 'outpost of tyranny,' and the United States has enforced targeted sanctions against top Zimbabwe officials and associates since 2002. Moreover, the Administration has urged South Africa's President Thabo Mbeki to lead a regional effort to promote democracy and human rights in Zimbabwe. Should the 2005 voting again prove violent or manifestly unfair, some may advocate stronger measures."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32723