What Took So Long? Closing the Holy Land Foundation: A Case Study in Counterterrorism   [open pdf - 130KB]

"Recently, an 11-year, interagency and international search for a means to sanction the Holy Land Foundation (HLF), the largest U.S.-based Islamic charity organization at the time. Begun as part of an FBI investigation in 1992, the HLF case grew to also involve the Departments of Justice, Treasury and State, the CIA, U.S. diplomats in Israel, and the Israeli government itself. Given this formidable array of forces, why did it take so long to sanction HLF? Did inter-agency dynamics or disagreements come into play? Were the right legal tools available to crack down on U.S.-based charities involved in terrorism financing? What impact did the 9/11 attacks have on the HLF case? Did the HLF case set a precedent for future terrorism financing investigations? This paper will examine these issues as a case study of the interagency process."

Author:Henifin, David E.
Publisher:National Defense University
Copyright:Public Domain
Retrieved From:National Defense University: http://www.ndu.eduPublisher: national defense university
Media Type:application/pdf
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