"In 2004, a total of 946,142 persons became LPRs [legal permanent residents] of the United States. The majority (62 per-cent) lived in the United States when they became LPRs. Nearly two-thirds (66 percent) were granted permanent residence based on a family relationship with a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident of the United States. The leading countries of birth of LPRs were Mexico (19 percent), India (7 percent), and the Philippines (6 percent)." This report discusses the immigration process, the data collected, historical trends, and demographics.