"Senate action on the annual defense authorization bill (S. 1042) has been held up in large part because of a dispute over amendments to regulate treatment of prisoners. Now the Senate has begun action on the defense appropriations bill (H.R. 2863), and it appears that the full text of the authorization will be offered as an amendment, which will require waiving the Senate rule against legislation on an appropriations bill. The Senate Appropriations Committee marked up the defense appropriations bill on September 28, and floor action could begin as early as Thursday, September 29. Earlier, on May 25, the House approved its version of the defense authorization (H.R. 1815). And on June 20, the House passed its version of the defense appropriations bill (H.R. 2863)."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32924