"The more recent proliferation of gangs into less traditional areas - smaller cities, towns, suburbs, and even rural communities - has led experts to question whether modern-day youth gangs differ significantly from their predecessors. Drawing on data from the 1996 and 1998 National Youth Gang Surveys, the authors of this Bulletin compare the characteristics of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with later onset of gang problems with those of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with earlier onset of gang problems. Their findings provide interesting insights into variations in gang problems based on time of onset."
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS): http://www.ncjrs.gov/
Juvenile Justice Bulletin (June 2002)