"Within recent years transportation planning has progressed through some of the most frustrating phases which you in military planning are familiar with in your work. Somewhere along the line we stopped looking back at World War II as our primary source of guidance and started building plans based on the ever-present threat of an enemy with nuclear weapons and a capability of delivering them against us. Possibly we are now going through yet another important phase or perhaps entering a new phase. Recent planning efforts...were largely paper efforts. We had to get new assumptions and new plans down on paper in order to know where we were and where we were going...More and more one hears of, and in various budding ways begins to see, the growing efforts toward operational readiness. In earlier days, when we were thinking in terms of building to full war potential after the war had started, we spoke in terms of lead time and stockpiles and production potential. Now, following a period of confused transition , we are thinking in terms of a war that could be upon us suddenly, perhaps tomorrow, perhaps next year, or perhaps at some indefinite time in the future. Our new approach to this problem can be read in such terms as standby orders, ready reserves, current and continuing capability. These are the aspects of operational readiness which we in transportation are currently concerned with and which I would like to discuss further with you."
National Defense University: http://www.ndu.edu