Fact Sheet: Testing of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology at Land Borders [open pdf - 85KB]
"The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is testing the US-VISIT Programs next phase of implementation, which uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology to more efficiently record the entries and exits of visitors issued Forms I-94 at our land borders. Five U.S. land border ports will test the RFID technology from August 4, 2005, through early summer of 2006. The ports are Nogales East (Deconcini) and Nogales West (Mariposa) in Arizona; Alexandria Bay (Thousand Islands) in New York; and Pacific Highway and Peace Arch in Washington state. The five test locations were chosen to thoroughly evaluate the capability of this technology in a variety of weather and traffic conditions as US-VISIT will only deploy a fully tested system."
Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/