"The Bush Administration has requested $132.2 billion in federal research and development (R&D) funding for FY2006. This sum represents a $505 million increase over the FY2005 estimated funding level of $131.7 billion. In real dollars, total federal R&D would decline for the first time since FY1996. The proposed FY2006 R&D budget reflects the Administrations objective of constraining the growth of federal discretionary spending. For the first time since FY1995, funding for defense R&D (the sum of the Department of Defense's (DOD) and the Department of Energy's (DOE) defense R&D programs) would be flat with a requested $74.9 billion. This is due primarily to a proposed 21% reduction in DOD's science and technology programs. Funding for federal civilian R&D is proposed to increase $188 million to $57 billion, a 0.3% increase over the FY2005 estimated funding level. Most of this increase can be attributed to increases in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) budget and the Department of Transportation. Based on current funding proposals, most of the other civilian R&D agencies' budgets are proposed to decline, in real dollars, in FY2006."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32799