Implementation Guidelines for State Safety Oversight of Rail Fixed Guideway Systems [open pdf - 2MB]
"In response to congressional concern regarding the potential for catastrophic accidents and security incidents on rail transit systems, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) added Section 28 to the Federal Transit Act (codified at 49 U.S.C. Section 5330). This section requires the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) to issue a Rule creating the first state-managed oversight program for rail transit safety and security. FTA published 'Rail Fixed Guideway Systems; State Safety Oversight' on December 27, 1995 (to be codified at 49 CFR Part 659), subsequently referred to as State Safety Oversight Rule or Part 659. Only those states with Rail Fixed Guideway Systems (RFGS) meeting the definition specified in Part 659 must comply with FTA's State Safety Oversight Rule. The next chapter discusses this definition and lists each rail transit system and state that FTA has identified as potentially affected. The ultimate goal of FTA's State Safety Oversight Program, detailed in Part 659, is to improve rail transit safety and security. These Guidelines have been prepared to assist those who must implement Part 659 in achieving this goal. Chapter 1 of these Guidelines introduces the basic requirements of Part 659. This Chapter also describes how to use these Guidelines to develop an effective Oversight Program. Subsequent chapters will address specific details of implementation."
Federal Transit Administration: http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov