Standardization of Availability Location, and Use of Safety Equipment on Urban Transit Buses [open pdf - 35MB]
"Urban bus transit is extremely safe in the United States. However, this achieved level of success causes significant problems for emergency preparedness forces including fire services, police, ambulance, etc., when they arrive on the scene of an accident or emergency. They have had extremely limited experience dealing with urban transit buses and the various kinds of safety equipment and devices on board. Compounding the problem is widespread inconsistency among the various safety components across the studied bus models. Under a grant from the Federal Transit Administration to the Cambria County Transit Authority (CCTA), and with the financial help of the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, the KETRON Division of The Bionetics Corporation documented the availability, location, and use of eleven key safety components on six representative urban transit buses. Based on this documentation and with the significant help of the American Public Transit Association (APTA) Safety Committee, the Guidelines Development Committee, the Window Subcommittee, and various suppliers, KETRON has developed guidelines for the potential standardization of eight key safety components. This final report documents the safety components on urban transit buses, describes the guidelines development process, and presents the resulting proposed guidelines in full."
Federal Transit Administration: http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov