"The Federal Transit Administration provides New Starts funding for the design, construction, and start-up of new rail fixed guideway systems and extensions to existing systems. Nationwide, over 190 projects have been authorized under the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, to compete for Federal Transit Administration New Starts funds. With Federal Transit Administration funding presently at record levels, there has never been a greater need to integrate system safety concepts early in the project development process. The Federal Transit Administration's Office of Safety and Security manages the State Safety Oversight Program (49 CFR Part 659). Established in 1997, this program requires the incorporation of system safety and security concepts into rail fixed guideway systems. As of May 2000, 22 State Safety Oversight Agencies have been designated to implement the system safety and security requirements for 35 rail fixed guideway systems. Rapid expansion of existing rail fixed guideway systems and the growth in New Starts projects creates new challenges for system safety and security. To address these challenges, the Federal Transit Administration is committed to working with State Safety Oversight Agencies to implement Part 659 requirements, ensuring that system safety and security are properly addressed during the project development phases."
Federal Transit Administration: http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov