"In the current atmosphere of heightened concern about terrorism, the March 11, 2004 bombing of commuter trains in Madrid intensified congressional interest in reducing the risk of attacks against passenger rail operations in the United States. The 9/11 Commission characterized the federal emphasis on aviation security spending as 'fight[ing] the last war,' noting that 'opportunities to do harm are as great, or greater, in maritime or surface transportation.' This report summarizes the challenges of securing passenger rail systems, options for making decisions about security funding, industry requests for funding, and legislative initiatives. It does not address the security of freight rail operations. However, since some passenger rail operations use the same track and facilities as freight rail, these topics cannot be completely separated."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32625