"On April 5, 2005, the Departments of State and Homeland Security announced the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative to be adopted in phases that , after January 2008, will require U.S. and foreign citizens arriving in the United States from Western Hemisphere countries to have passports or other acceptable documents. On April 27, 2005, President Fox accepted the resignation of Attorney General Rafael Macedo de las Concha, and he called for a reevaluation of the legal case against the popular Mayor of Mexico City, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, that was endangering the Mayor's participation in the July 2006 presidential election. On May 11, 2005, President Bush signed the FY2005 Emergency Supplemental for Defense/Tsunami Relief (H.R. 1268/P.L. 109-13) with provisions in Division B, the REAL ID Act of 2005, that strengthened border controls and created tighter standards for the issuance of drivers' licenses. On May 23, 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court dismissed the appeal of a Mexican on death row who claims that he had been denied consular notification under the Vienna Convention; the Court ordered the lower courts to resolve the issue under President Bush's directive that all cases be reviewed to comply with a decision of the International Court of Justice. On May 31, 2005, Mexico's Secretary of Government Santiago Creel met with Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff to discuss ongoing efforts to modernize the border crossing points and to regularize migration. On June 1, 2005, Secretary Creel resigned to seek the candidacy of the PAN in the July 2006 presidential race."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32724