Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate: H.R. 1279: Gang Deterrence and Community Protection Act of 2005   [open pdf - 20KB]

"H.R. 1279 would authorize the appropriation of nearly $80 million annually over the 2006-2010 period for Department of Justice (DOJ) programs to investigate and prosecute criminal street gangs and to protect witnesses and victims of gang-related crimes. The bill also would establish mandatory minimum prison sentences for certain crimes committed by members of criminal street gangs. Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 1279 would cost about $370 million over the 2006-2010 period. This total includes roughly $60 million to incarcerate individuals in the federal prison system for longer periods of time than they would serve under current law. The bill could affect direct spending and receipts, but CBO estimates that any such effects would not be significant. H.R. 1279 contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA). State and local governments would benefit from the authorization of funds for certain programs to reduce participation in criminal street gangs; any costs to those governments would be incurred voluntarily. H.R. 1279 contains no new private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA."

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