"The three chapters that follow examine the pace of Chinas nuclear modernization under the sea and in space, as well as its relationship to U.S. missile defense initiatives. This chapter will systematically evaluate the overall strategic integration of Chinas nuclear forces, focusing on the issue of nuclear command and control (NC2). Perhaps even more than the companion papers in this volume, such an effort necessarily relies on a highly circumscribed data set. Nonetheless, there is broad consensus in security studies on the need for defense analyses that probe the people, institutions, and doctrines that stand behind the weapons themselves. Indeed, at a time when there are dramatically diverging estimates concerning the future dimensions of Chinas nuclear forces, such a 'software' approach may be most appropriate."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/
Newport Papers (2005), no.22