"Fundamental to the mission of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security is the mitigation of threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences that stem from acts of terrorism, major disasters, and other emergencies. This is a shared responsibility and a shared commitment of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments, as well as the private sector. The Interim National Preparedness Goal (or Goal) summarizes the initial results of significant work completed since December 17, 2003, when President Bush issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8: National Preparedness (HSPD-8). This approach transforms how the Federal government proposes to strengthen the preparedness of the United States to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies, and how the Federal government proposes to invest homeland security resources in order to achieve the greatest return on investment for our Nations homeland security. It is animated by a sense of urgency and by a commitment to risk-based priorities."