Using Rapid Environmental Assessment to Improve the Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability for Weapons of Mass Destruction [open pdf - 2MB]
"The Oceanographer of the Navys Operational Concept, which defines the role of the Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) community, revises many of the METOC operational roles within the United States Navy. One of the new roles defined in the document is the ability to determine the impact of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and Weapons of Mass Effect (WME) (Oceanographer of the Navy, 2002). This role is to be fulfilled by using a number of new METOC tools. In order to use these tools, new data formats and computer applications are being created to allow for the implementation of Rapid Environmental Assessment (REA). The Oceanographer of the Navy is responsible for the environmental data portion of the 4-D cube. This is a new concept that creates a Virtual Natural Environment that must be capable of rapid environmental updates. This research investigates using in situ atmospheric measurements to improve the performance of the Navy mesoscale model, Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System. These enhanced, operational model forecasts are used to supply atmospheric forcing to a dispersion model, the Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability, and the outcome is evaluated to determine the impact of the additional data."
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