Proposal for a Standing Mediterranean Amphibious Force for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization [open pdf - 3MB]
"This thesis examines the need for a Standing Amphibious Force in the Mediterranean (STAPHIBFORMED) and proposes a distinct European maritime force, under NATO auspices, to compliment US presence in the Mediterranean and, when necessary, to act as a substitute. The United States looks to simultaneously share some of the European regional security responsibility with its allies while still maintaining its influence with security matters. Concurrently, European nations have reduced their defense budgets and, in the spirit of Maastricht, look to rely on multinational defense organizations for both economic and political reasons. The STAPHIBFORMED concept is a mechanism for crisis response and peacekeeping operations that facilitates resource-sharing and permits Europeans to undertake some missions without direct US involvement. Such a force promotes a distinct European Security and Defense Identity, reflects the new NATO Strategic Concept, and helps to satisfy the American desire to share more of the European regional security burden with Europe."
Naval Postgraduate School, Dudley Knox Library: http://www.nps.edu/Library/index.aspx