The end of communism changed the global strategic environment from that of a bipolar world with readily defined threats to that of a multipolar world marked by uncertainty. It is clearly evident that the organization of the Cold War military is not sufficient to meet future threats successfully. This paper examines the creation of the Air Force from the Army Air Corp at the end of the Second World War and uses evidence from this case study to argue for the creation of a sixth service of special operations forces. It argues that that the answer to the requirements for the future does not exist in current or previous doctrine. The solution requires a new Service that is trained, manned, and equipped to lead the strategy requirements that the United States faces for the foreseeable future; and, special operations forces have the unique capability to meet the strategy needs in the Global War on Terrorism and other global insurgency threats in the new multipolar environmental setting.
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