Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance [Updated March 4, 2005] [open pdf - 293KB]
From the Summary: "In the months prior to the war, the Administration stressed that regime change through U.S.-led military action would yield benefits beyond disarmament and reduction of support for terrorism -- Iraq's conversion from dictatorship to democracy, it was argued, might catalyze the promotion of democracy throughout the Middle East. However, escalating resistance to the U.S.-led occupation has complicated U.S. efforts to establish legitimate and effective Iraqi political and security bodies and establish democracy. Partly in an effort to satisfy Iraqi demands for an end to coalition occupation, the United States accelerated the hand over of sovereignty. An interim government was named on June 1, 2004, and the handover took place on June 28, 2004. Elections were held on January 30, 2005 for a transitional National Assembly, and major parties are negotiating to form a new government. Plans are for votes on a permanent constitution by October 31, 2005, and for a permanent government by December 15, 2005."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31339