Serbia and Montenegro: Current Situation and U.S. Policy [Updated June 8, 2004]   [open pdf - 352KB]

"Despite defeats in wars in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo, international isolation, and the impoverishment of his people, Slobodan Milosevic managed to stay in power in Serbia for over 10 years. His reign came to an end on October 5, 2000, when he was deposed from power by a popular revolt after he refused to concede defeat in an election for the post of President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) won by his opponent, Vojislav Kostunica. Parliamentary elections in Serbia held in December 2000 resulted in a crushing victory for the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) coalition over the former ruling parties of the Milosevic regime. Although it achieved some successes, the DOS government was beset with internal conflicts almost from its beginning, including over cooperation with the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal. It received its greatest blow in March 2003, when Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic was murdered by organized crime figures linked to the Serbian security apparatus. In the wake of the assassination, the Serbian government arrested hundreds of organized crime figures. However, some observers question whether Serbian leaders have the will to extirpate the deeply-rooted connections between organized crime and political power in Serbia."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL30371
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