"Infectious, water-related diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although a significant proportion of this immense burden of disease is caused by 'classical' water-related pathogens, such as typhoid and cholera, newly-recognized pathogens and new strains of established pathogens are being discovered that present important additional challenges to both the water and public health sectors. Whilst many of these organisms are associated with diseases that have been known for many years, a small but significant percentage are associated with emerging diseases, such as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Ebola and most recently Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Indeed, the transmission of the coronavirus responsible for SARS through 'faecal droplets' has re-focused attention on this recognized route of transmission of some viruses. The transmission of the coronavirus responsible for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) through 'faecal droplets' has re-focused attention on this recognized route of transmission of some viruses. This document reviews what is known about viruses transmitted by this route and the adequacy of control measures, including building design and management, and plumbing practices." "
Copyright © 2003 World Health Organization