Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S.113 [Updated August 9, 2004] [open pdf - 44KB]
"In order to facilitate the surveillance of possible 'lone wolf' terrorists, whose links to an international terrorist organization may be difficult to ascertain, several bills have been introduced to amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ('FISA'). The Senate passed S. 113, a bill to extend the coverage of FISA to non-U.S. persons who engage in international terrorism or activities in preparation for terrorist acts, without a showing of membership in or affiliation with an international terrorist group. While the Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) does not call for such a measure, the Bush Administration has indicated its support. FISA provides the government authority to conduct electronic surveillance (wiretap) and other searches with respect to a foreign power or its agents to obtain intelligence related to espionage, terrorism, or other matters involving national security. Related proposals include H.R. 3179, 304 of S. 2386, H.R. 3552, and S. 123."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21472