"The United States and Mexico have a special relationship under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which removes trade and investment barriers between the countries. The friendly relationship has been strengthened by President Bush's meetings with President Fox. Major issues of concern to Congress are trade, immigration, drug trafficking, and political rights. On May 14, 2002, Presidents Bush and Fox discussed by telephone Mexico's deficiency in supplying water to the United States under a 1944 treaty, and President Fox indicated that Mexico would take steps to comply with its obligations. On May 26, 2002, Jesus Albino Quintero Meraz and six associates in the Juarez drug cartel were arrested in Veracruz. On May 31, 2002, a group of 26 indigenous peasants were killed in southern Oaxaca. Following President Bush's announcement on June 6, 2002, of his intention to create a Department of Homeland Security that would include Customs, INS, and the Border Patrol, Mexican officials are wondering what impact the initiative will have on border trade and transit."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB10070