Operation Enduring Freedom as an Enabling Campaign in the War on Terrorism   [open pdf - 141KB]

"The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon left the American public in a state of anguish and anger. With the debris still smoldering in the streets of New York, Bush stated that the United States and all those who want global peace will stand united to 'win the war against terrorism.' Less than a month later, Bush announced the beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom, the first military action in the broad 'campaign against terrorism.' James W. Reed wrote 'should Deterrence Fail: War Termination in Campaign Planning' focusing on campaign planning and design. In the article, Reed describes the relationship between terminal and enabling campaigns. The terminal campaign 'seeks war termination as an endstate.' James W. Reed defines an enabling campaign as achieving 'some intermediate strategic objectives short of termination.' With this in mind, is Operation Enduring Freedom an effective enabling campaign to create conditions for the defeat of terrorism in the Central Command area of responsibility? The methodology for determining the effectiveness of Operation Enduring Freedom is in two pieces. First, is the campaign adequate, feasible, and acceptable? This three part criteria is how joint doctrine evaluates effectiveness. Second, do the operational objectives nest within the strategic endstate? According to Reed, enabling campaigns help create the conditions for a terminal campaign. Therefore, a linkage between the operational objectives and the terminal campaign that achieves the strategic endstate is imperative. The Italian Campaign offers a historical case study of an enabling campaign. By comparing the Italian Campaign with Operation Enduring Freedom, the strengths and weakness of each generate lessons applicable to the future of the war on terrorism."

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Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/
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