First Responder Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S. 2845 and H.R. 10, 108th Congress [Updated December 20, 2004] [open pdf - 91KB]
"On July 22, 2004, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) issued The 9/11 Commission Report. On page 396 of the report, the 9/11 Commission recommends that federal homeland security assistance be distributed to state and local governments based on risk and vulnerability. According to the report, the risk and vulnerability assessments should consider population, population density, vulnerability, and the presence of critical infrastructure within each state. Currently, the majority of state and local homeland security assistance programs distribute funds based on Section 1014 of the USA PATRIOT Act (P.L. 107-56) and guarantee each state a minimum of 0.75% of total appropriated amounts. The Urban Area Security Initiative is the only federal homeland security assistance program that distributes funding to states and localities based on risk and threat. S. 2845, the National Intelligence Reform Act of 2004 (passed by the Senate on October 6, 2004), and H.R. 10, the 9/11 Recommendations Implementation Act (passed by the House on October 8, 2004), proposed to change the current formula used to distribute first responder grant funding to states and localities.  The 108th Congress did not reconcile the differences between the Senate and House versions of the legislation. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) includes a Sense of Congress resolution that the funding allocation issue should be resolved by the 109th Congress."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32634