Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran [Updated July 29, 1998]   [open pdf - 108KB]

"Russia's 1995 decision to construct a large nuclear power station in Iran and to provide related nuclear facilities and services has also drawn sharp criticism from the Administration and the Congress, which fear an Iranian nuclear weapons program. Moscow appears determined to go ahead with this project despite the threat of U.S. economic sanctions. U.S.-Russian commercial relations might also be threatened by sanctions, and they are far more important to Russia than its commercial relations with Iran. U.S. assistance to Russia would also be threatened, but the reactor project could provide Russia with billions of dollars of hard currency earnings, far more than the amount of direct U.S. aid threatened by sanctions. This report examines Russian ballistic missile and nuclear reactor technology transfers to Iran and U.S. responses to those transfers. The report analyzes Iran's ballistic missile and nuclear power programs, the significance of Russia's contributions to those programs, resulting U.S. security concerns, and Russian-Iranian cooperation from the perspectives of Moscow, Tehran, and Washington. This report builds upon CRS Report 95-641, 'Russian Nuclear Reactor and Conventional Arms Transfers to Iran', May 25, 1995 and will be further updated after Congress has completed action on relevant legislation."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, 98-299
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