9/11 Commission Recommendations: Changes to the Presidential Appointment and Presidential Transition Processes [Updated October 19, 2004] [open pdf - 123KB]
"In its July 22, 2004, report, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) identified what it perceived as shortcomings in the appointment process during presidential transitions that could compromise national security policymaking in the early months of a new Administration. The commission reported, among other findings, that 'the new [George W. Bush] administration did not have its deputy cabinet officers in place until the spring of 2001, and the critical subcabinet officials were not confirmed until the summer - if then. In other words, the new administration - like others before it - did not have its team on the job until at least six months after it took office.' Other observers of the presidential appointment process in recent years have similarly asserted that, in general, appointments during presidential transitions take too long. This report provides background information on, and analysis of, the changes proposed by the 9/11 Commission, and it will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32588