"The highly potent neurotoxins produced by the spore forming anaerobic bacteria Clostridium botulinum, C. butyricum, and C. barati pose a significant threat as weapons of bioterror... NIAID [National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases] convened a Blue Ribbon Panel on February 4 and 5, 2002 to discuss and propose a research agenda for the Category A threat agents. This meeting led to specific recommendations for immediate, intermediate and long-term research and development activities for the Category A pathogens and toxins, including the toxins of Clostridium botulinum. On November 20, 2002, the NIAID Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases convened a follow-up meeting with an invited group of botulinum toxin experts from academia, industry, and government, including the Food and Drug Administration. The purpose of the meeting was to engage expert opinion on issues related to the development of the next generation of countermeasures against botulinum toxins."
NIAID Biodefense Research: http://www2.niaid.nih.gov/biodefense/Research/strat_plan.htm