"In his 6 November 2001 testimony before the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Technology, Terrorism, and Government Information, the deputy assistant director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Counterterrorism Division, J.T. Caruso, stated, .The bioterrorism threat has risen to a new level. Biological terrorist incidents involving anthrax have resulted in 22 confirmed cases and five deaths since 3 October 2001. Since then, the FBI has responded to more than 8,000 reports of use or threatened use of biological agents. Clearly, biological terrorism is a real and growing threat in the United States."