Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress [Updated January 9, 2004]   [open pdf - 98KB]

From the Summary: "The conference report on the energy bill (H.R. 6), which came to the House and Senate floor for action the week of November 17, contains several Clean Air Act provisions. The most prominent of these concerns the gasoline additives MTBE [Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether] and ethanol, which are used to meet Clean Air Act requirements that reformulated gasoline (RFG) sold in the nation's worst ozone non-attainment areas contain at least 2% oxygen, to improve combustion. MTBE has been implicated in numerous incidents of ground water contamination. H.R. 6 would ban the use of MTBE as a fuel additive nationwide, except in states that specifically authorize its use, after December 31, 2014, unless the President determines not to ban it [...] H.R. 6 would also extend Clean Air Act deadlines for areas that have not attained ozone air quality standards, if upwind areas contribute to their nonattainment. Besides the provisions in the energy bill, the most prominent air quality issue in recent months has been what to do about emissions from coal-fired electric power plants. [...] The Administration and several members of Congress have also proposed legislation on the subject- a group of bills referred to as 'multi-pollutant' legislation. [...] Controversy has arisen over EPA's [Environmental Protection Agency's] proposed and promulgated changes to the Clean Air Act's New Source Review (NSR) requirements. NSR imposes emission controls on modifications of power plants and other major facilities. Since December 31, 2002, EPA has promulgated several changes to streamline (and, many argue, weaken) the NSR requirements."

Report Number:
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB10107
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