Maritime Security: Substantial Work Remains to Translate New Planning Requirements into Effective Port Security, Report to Congressional Requesters [Revised July 2, 2004]   [open pdf - 1024KB]

The Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002, as implemented by the Coast Guard, calls for owners and operators of about 3,150 port facilities (such as shipping terminals or factories with hazardous materials) and about 9,200 vessels (such as cargo ships, ferries, and tugs and barges) to develop and implement security plans by July 1, 2004. The Coast Guard intends to conduct on-site compliance inspections of all facilities by January 1, 2005, and all vessels by July 1, 2005, to ensure plans are adequately implemented. The Coast Guard estimated the act's security improvements would cost $7.3 billion over 10 years-most of it borne by facility and vessel owners and operators. GAO (General Accounting Office) was asked to assess (1) the progress towards developing, reviewing, and approving plans by July 1, 2004, (2) the Coast Guard's monitoring and oversight strategy for ensuring that plans are implemented, and (3) the accuracy of the Coast Guard's cost estimate. GAO recommends that the Coast Guard evaluate its initial compliance efforts and use them to strengthen the compliance process for its long-term strategy. As part of this strategy, the Coast Guard should clearly define inspector qualifications and consider including unscheduled and unannounced inspections and covert testing. The Coast Guard agreed.

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Public Domain
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Government Accountability Office (GAO): http://www.gao.gov/
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