The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides federal disaster assistance to help those in need respond to, prepare for, and recover from disasters. As the costs for disaster assistance have risen, FEMA has made disaster mitigation a primary goal in its efforts to reduce the long-term cost of disasters and minimize risk to property and individuals from natural or man-made hazards. Previous FEMA mitigation grant programs were formula-based and provided funds both prior to and after a disaster occurred. Fiscal Year 2003, marks the first-time FEMA has implemented a grant program that awards funds for mitigation activities on a competitive basis. This report presents information on (1) FEMAs processes and criteria for awarding planning and competitive pre-disaster mitigation grants to states and localities, and (2) the status of FEMAs efforts to implement the Fiscal Year 2003 Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program.
Government Accountability Office (GAO): http://www.gao.gov/