"Available evidence indicates that many chemical facilities may lack adequate safeguards. Congress might rely on existing efforts in the public and private sectors to improve chemical site security, while waiting for better information about the potential harm from terrorist attacks. Alternatively, Congress could encourage the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to expand existing planning requirements to consider terrorism, or authorize the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to oversee security at potentially dangerous facilities. Congress also might enact legislation to reduce risks." This report provides an outline of the risks of terrorism at chemical facilities, the existing federal requirements to reduce these risks, as well as policy options and key issues regarding these options. The document provides an updated version of this report.
CRS Report for Congress, RL31530