This thesis examines the 1999 Kosovo conflict and subsequent NATO military intervention including implications for Greece. Additional areas of study include: a historical and social background of the Balkans; a revival of nationalist pursuits; and emerging regional stakeholder relationships. The methodology included literature review, stakeholder analysis, and results of a researcher-developed questionnaire administered to 35 Greek officers. Survey results (p<= .05) indicated that the Kosovo conflict likely: disturbed many Greek citizens; increased refugee migration into Greece; raised cross-border crime; increased environmental contamination; and may not have improved overall combat readiness of Greek armed forces. Additional conclusions indicated the following: post-Cold War international focus has shifted to a European perimeter, Balkan domain; threatening regional issues remain; and Greece's strategic role is expanding as a geographic and political peace-maker. Unofficial recommendations include: integrate Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) into the EU to facilitate a common Balkan and European approach to long-term regional peace and prosperity; and strengthen international rules on environmental protection in cases of military action.
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/