Assessing the Potential for Civil-Military Integration: Technologies, Processes, and Practices [open pdf - 4MB]
Government officials and private sector executives have advocated the integration of the defense and commercial sectors (often termed civil-military integration or CMI). The claimed benefits of CM I include cost savings, increased technology transfer, and an increase the number of potential defense suppliers. A CM I strategy, however, demands extensive modification of acquisition laws and regulations, and concerns over potential costs and risks such modifications have hindered change. Although several congressional and administration initiatives have been launched to promote integration, to date, much of the defense base remains isolated and the promised benefits of integration remain elusive. This assessment found that greater CMI is possible. It confirms the potential for cost savings and increased technology transfer, but analysis indicates such savings are likely to be less, and slower to realize, than many previous studies have suggested. Even so, cost savings even a few percent of total defense technology and industrial spending would amount to billions of dollars in overall savings that might be used to meet other vital defense needs. The most important benefit of increased CMI may be the preservation of a viable defense technology and industrial capability in an increasingly fiscally constrained environment. Increased CMI appears essential if defense is to take advantage of rapidly developing commercial technologies.
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, http://www.wws.princeton.edu/~ota