Bioterrorism: Legislation to Improve Public Health Preparedness and Response Capacity [Updated May 8, 2002] [open pdf - 155KB]
The recent anthrax attacks, though small in scale compared to the scenarios envisioned by bioterrorism experts, strained the public health system and raised concern that the nation is insufficiently prepared to respond to bioterrorist attacks. Improving public health preparedness and response capacity offers protection not only from bioterrorist attacks, but also from naturally occurring public health emergencies. In December 2001, the House and Senate each passed legislation (H.R. 3448, S. 1765) to improve the public health system's capacity to respond to bioterrorism. This legislation builds on the programs and authorities established in Title III of the Public Health Service (PHS) Act by the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (P.L. 106- 505, Title I). While the two bills are similar in many respects, there are several key differences that are being addressed in conference.
CRS Report for Congress, RL31263