Combating Terrorism Through Reforms: Implications of the Bremer- Kasarda Model for Saudi Arabia [open pdf - 247KB]
Saudi Arabia is currently implementing a broad set of economic, political and social reforms. The progress made in implementing them will have a significant impact on the Kingdom's fight against domestic terrorism. The author asks how some segments of society can be weaned away from the type of thinking represented by Al Qaeda. Given the fact that significant progress cannot be made simultaneously in all the relevant areas of reform, the problem facing the Saudis is one of identifying those reforms that are most likely to be critical in combating the country's domestic terrorist threat. The paper attempts to sketch out such a reform strategy from the perspective of a model developed by Jennifer Bremer and John D. Kasarda. This new approach is very relevant for the Saudi case because their model suggests that terrorism is likely to develop and thrive in certain specific environments defined in terms of the lack of progress made in broad based economic, social and political reforms. On this basis Bremer and Kasarda classify Saudi Arabia as a prime candidate for a high level of terrorist activity.
Naval Postgraduate School, Center for Contemporary Conflict: http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil
Strategic Insights (April 2004), v.3 no.4