The attacks of September 11th exposed weaknesses in the Government's defense of the nation. President Bush has made it clear in his National Strategy for Homeland Security, that he is committed to improving our Nation's Homeland Defense posture. The President is clear that this was a "National" strategy not a "Federal" strategy. Homeland Security is a concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur. The NSHS called for the establishment of the Secretariat of Homeland Security. Homeland Security Presidential Directive HSPD-5 directs the creation of a National Incident Management System (NIMS) and a National Response Plan (NRP). The NIMS and establishment of the NRP provide the opportunity to identify, reduce or eliminate duplication within the Federal, State and Local governments. Additionally, the NSHS identified 13 critical infrastructure sectors. Secretary Ridge (Secretary of Homeland Security) must plan for and address the vulnerabilities of each sector in order to prevent danger to human life and to avoid a potential economic or environmental catastrophe. Five of these sectors (agriculture, food, water, energy, chemical industry and hazardous materials) have direct impacts on the environment. These environmental critical infrastructure sectors are lucrative and vulnerable targets. As the global military and economic super-power, the United States cannot have its economy crippled by attacks on these environmental critical infrastructure sectors. Each critical infrastructure sector has a Lead Federal Agency (LFA) assigned to address that sector's vulnerabilities. This project analyzes the LFAs strategies for resolving the vulnerabilities in these sectors and addresses the impact of these strategies on the military.
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/