Federalism, State Sovereignty and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power [Updated January 2, 2003] [open pdf - 94KB]
The ratification of the Constitution, to a significant extent, defined the lines of authority between the state and federal governments. This report discusses state and federal legislative power generally and focuses on a number of these "federalism" cases. Issues addressed include congressional power under the Commerce Clause and the Fourteenth Amendment; constitutional limits on congressional powers, such as the Tenth Amendment; and state sovereign immunity under the Eleventh Amendment.
CRS Report for Congress, RL30315