There is growing concern of increasing terrorist threats in the United States. Terrorist organizations are gaining increased access to the technology necessary to develop and employ Weapons of Mass Destruction. No single military organization has been assigned responsibility for consequence management. Assigning this responsibility to a single military organization could focus effort and provide civil authorities with a fully coordinated and standardized response to terrorist threats. National Guard units are trained to respond quickly to domestic emergencies. They have established emergency response relationships with local and state organizations. This article explains how the National Guard can be organized, trained, and structured to assume the Department of Defense lead for consequence management.