Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management - Implementation Phase [Updated February 4, 2004]   [open pdf - 169KB]

President George W. Bush gave impetus to the creation of a Department of Homeland Security when, on June 6, 2002, he proposed the establishment of such an entity to the 107th Congress. The President transmitted his department proposal to the House of Representatives on June 18, where it was subsequently introduced by request (H.R. 5005). The House approved the bill in amended form on July 26. Senate deliberations on the matter were slower due to partisan and parliamentary factors as well as a few highly contentious issues, such as the civil service protections and collective bargaining rights of the employees of the new department. Ultimately, President Bush largely obtained what he wanted in the legislation mandating the department. Overseeing the implementation of the legislation mandating the new Department of Homeland Security, and possibly refining it and making some technical modifications, is within the purview of the 108th Congress. The department's charter also contains apparently contradictory provisions, such as those concerning the appointment of an officer for civil rights and civil liberties. Other implementation issues include Senate confirmation of presidential nominees for department leadership positions, creation of a complete budget for the new department, and assessing the various reports to Congress required of the new department.

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL31751
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