Expanding Nuclear Arms Control: DoD Imperatives in the Aftermath of September 11, 2001   [open pdf - 626KB]

The events of September 11, 2001 have led the Bush administration to review its strategy for combating terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. This has meant elevating the prevention of rogue and nonstate actors from acquiring weapons of mass destruction as its most important strategic objective. As a result, the establishing of control, safeguards, verification, and transparency over existing weapons and fissile material (along with non nuclear materials) has reemerged as a top priority for the nation. The Department of Defense (DoD) has a leading role in this strategy, beginning with defeating the threat at the source, before materials find their way into the hands of terrorists and states intent on harming the United States or her allies. To accomplish this task, the services must provide quality personnel with the requisite background and performance to implement on-site inspections in adversarial, reciprocal, and cooperative inspection regimes to accomplish U.S. security objectives globally. In light of growing interagency integration down to and including combatant command staffs, DoD must increasingly leverage interagency capabilities, as it structures the nuclear branch, while simultaneously increasing the number of military members assigned to sister agencies in complementary programs. This chapter restricts its examination of the Army's role to the Nuclear and Cooperative Threat Reduction Branch of the On-Site Inspection Directorate. However, the methodology is applicable to the structuring of forces to control all weapons of mass destruction. DoD must revisit the onsite inspection paradigm, retain what has worked in the past and still applies, discard what is no longer relevant, and add new elements necessary to address new challenges, threats, and opportunities. Thus, building upon past successes and adapting to encompass a dynamic threat environment, the Department can provide a unique capability in advancing U.S. interests in this vital area.

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Murray, Williamson. National Security Challenges for the 21st Century. Carlisle, PA: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2003, ch. 13.
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