Your Role in Combating the Insider Threat   [open pdf - 41KB]

The Defense Intelligence Agency's (DIA) Counterintelligence and Security Activity (DAC) recently produced a guide to help its members understand their responsibilities for reporting suitability issues and potential espionage indicators that may surface in a colleague's behavior. The guide cites several conclusions reached in the 2002 study conducted by the Defense Personnel Security Research Center (PERSEREC), the complete text of which may be found elsewhere on the NCIX Web site. There is no established formula for recognizing that someone is involved in espionage. This much can be seen even in a brief review of many of the espionage cases against the United States, which have occurred over past years. However, certain situational factors or suitability issues can make an individual predisposed to volunteer to spy or vulnerable to exploitation by foreign intelligence officers. According to the 2002 PERSEREC study, "most known American spies (80%) demonstrated one or more conditions or behaviors of security concern" before they turned to espionage. While reports of behaviors of security concern or personal crises by coworkers have led to the apprehension of some American spies, reluctance to report these issues has also allowed other spies to persist in their crimes.

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