Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China [Updated June 7, 2001] [open pdf - 91KB]
After having been suspended in 1951, China's MFN tariff status with the United States was restored in 1980 conditionally under Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974, including compliance with the Jackson-Vanik freedom-of-emigration amendment, which must be renewed annually, and the existence in force of a bilateral trade agreement between the two countries. Sundry legislation introduced in earlier Congresses to withdraw or severely restrict China's MFN status failed to be enacted, in two instances for failure to override the President's veto. In the 105th Congress, legislation was introduced, but not passed, to grant permanent MFN status to China outright or upon its accession to the World Trade Organization.
CRS Report for Congress, RL30225