China/Taiwan: Evolution of the 'One China' Policy - Key Statements from Washington [Updated March 12, 2001] [open pdf - 241KB]
Despite apparently consistent statements over almost three decades, the critical "one China" principle has been left somewhat ambiguous and subject to different interpretations among Washington, Beijing, and Taipei. The Clinton Administration responded that Lee's statement was not helpful and reaffirmed the "one China" policy and opposition to "two Chinas." There also have been questions about whether and how President Chen Shui-bian, inaugurated in May 2000, might adjust Taiwan's policy toward the Mainland. Beijing, in February 2000, issued its second White Paper on Taiwan, reaffirming its "peaceful unification" policy but with new warnings about the risk of conflict. The U.S. policy on "one China" has evolved to cover three issues: sovereignty, peaceful resolution, and cross-strait dialogue.
CRS Report for Congress, RL30341