From the Summary: "The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), sets and enforces standards for safety of all domestic and imported foods, except for meat, poultry, and certain egg products. At issue for many years has been (1) whether the FDA has sufficient statutory authority over the food industry to bring about continued improvements in food safety and to take enforcement actions, and (2) whether the FDA has sufficient resources and personnel to inspect the volume of food it regulates. In addition to these ongoing concerns, the terrorist attacks and anthrax scares of fall 2001 have raised worries about the FDA's (and USDA's) readiness to prevent and respond to potential bioterrorist attacks on the nation's food supply. Congress maintains close oversight of the FDA's food safety activities, particularly its efforts to address the issue of microbiological contamination, which is responsible for an estimated 76 million illnesses and 5,000 deaths in the United States each year. On January 10, 2002, the President signed a $20 billion Defense supplemental bill into law that includes $328 million for USDA and $151.1 million for FDA food protection activities."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB10099